Wednesday, 24 March 2010

Ancient Knowledge: Nanotechnology

Hartwig Hausdorf, a German writer who researches unexplained phenomena, has drawn attention to the fact that amazing micro-objects have been found in the Urals in recent years. In the years 1991-1993 prospectors on a small river called the Narada, on the eastern side of the Ural Mountains, found unusual and mostly spiral-shaped objects. The expeditions were mounted with a view to exploiting precious and non-ferrous metals in this region, and geological and mineralogical analyses were carried out. The work was carried out under the auspices of the Central Scientific Research Institute for Geology and Prospecting for Precious and Non-Ferrous Metals (ZNIGRI) in Moscow.

The size of the objects ranged from 3 cm down to an incredible 0.003 mm and they have been found mostly at depths between 3 and 12 meters. To date, these strange artifacts have been collected in their thousands from various sites near the rivers Narada, Kozhim and Balbanyu, and also by two smaller streams named Vtvisty and Lapkhevozh.

The micro-objects are composed of various metals. The larger objects are made from copper, while the smaller objects are made from the rare metals tungsten and molybdenum. Tungsten has a high atomic weight with a melting point of 3410 0C. It is used principally for the hardening of special steels, and in unalloyed form for the filaments of light bulbs. Molybdenum also has a high melting point of 2650 0C . This metal is also used for hardening steel and endowing it with corrosion-resistant properties.

At the present time, these mysterious objects are being investigated by the Russian Academy of Sciences in Syktyvka, Moscow, St. Petersburg, and also by a scientific institute in Helsinki, Finland. An initial report on the objects has been released by ZNIGRI in Moscow. Measurements of these often nano-sized objects have revealed that the dimensions of the spirals are in the so-called Golden Mean ratio. These objects are obviously the product of a highly advanced technology; the smaller ones bear a remarkable resemblance to components used in recently developed micro-miniature devices, the so-called nanomachines. This technology is still in its infancy in the twenty first century.

All tests carried out to date give an age for the objects of between 20,000 and 100,000 years, depending on the depth and the location of the site. Who could have created these objects all that time ago? Some speculate that the nano-objects are the work of an alien race, others that they were manufactured by a long lost super civilization that once inhabited the Earth.

Tuesday, 23 March 2010

Ancient Knowledge: Levitation

Although any electromagnetic force could in theory be used to counteract gravitational pull, magnetism is the one most commonly recognised. In aerodynamic levitation, an antigravity force can be generated using an up thrust of air. Acoustic levitation uses sound waves to provide a levitating force.

Scientists have recently discovered a way of levitating small objects by manipulating a force known as the Casimir force. At the University of St Andrews in Scotland, researchers have worked out a way of reversing the Casimir force so that it repels rather than attracts. Their discovery could ultimately lead to frictionless micro-machines with moving parts that levitate. However, the scientists have stated that, at least in principle, the same effect could also be used to levitate larger objects, even a human being.

Surprisingly, there is evidence to suggest that in ancient times knowledge of levitation, or antigravity, was considerably more advanced than it is in the present day.

Levitation secrets hidden in stone

Were incredible technologies available to the ancient builders that enabled them to construct monuments from enormous blocks of stone - technologies that have now been forgotten?

It is clear from the ruins of numerous ancient civilizations that massive stones where used in their construction. For example the Temple of Jupiter at Baalbek, Lebanon has a foundation that contains the three largest stone blocks ever used in a man-made structure. Each block is estimated to weigh as much as 1,000 tons! No modern super crane in existence could lift one of these blocks, and yet they are positioned together with such precision that not even a needle could fit between them. It is estimated that it would require the strength of 16,000 men to even budge one of these stones!

Why use stones of such enormous size and weight when the same structures could have been constructed considerably more easily with smaller blocks? Could part of the answer be that the ancients had a method of lifting and moving massive stones that made the task easy and manageable? Some researchers believe that the ancients may have mastered the art of levitation through the use of sound.

In almost every culture where megaliths exist a legend also exists that the huge stones were moved by acoustic means - either by the chanted spells of magicians, by song, by striking with a magic wand or rod (to produce acoustic resonance) or by musical instruments.

Tibetan secrets of levitation

In the 1930’s a Swedish doctor, Dr. Jarl visited a monastery in Tibet. One day his friend took him to a place in the neighbourhood of the monastery and showed him a sloping meadow which was surrounded in the northwest by high cliffs. In one of the rock walls, at a height of about 250 metres was the entrance to a cave. In front of the entrance there was a platform on which the monks were building a rock wall. The only access to this platform was from the top of the cliff and the monks lowered themselves down using ropes.

In the middle of the meadow about 250 metres from the cliff, was a polished slab of rock with a bowl shaped cavity in its centre. The bowl had a diameter of 1 metre and a depth of 15 centimetres. A block of stone was manoeuvred into this cavity using Yak oxen. The block was 1 metre wide and 1.5 metres long. Arranged in an arc of 90 degrees at a distance of 63 metres from the stone slab were 19 musical instruments. The musical instruments consisted of 13 drums and six trumpets.

Behind each instrument was a row of monks. When the stone was in position the monk behind the smallest of the drums gave a signal to start. The small drum produced a very sharp sound and it could be heard even when all of the other drums were being banged simultaneously. All of the monks began singing and chanting a prayer, slowly increasing the tempo. During the first 4 minutes nothing happened. Then as the speed of the drumming and the volume of sound increased, the big stone block suddenly rose into the air with increasing speed in the direction of the platform in front of the cave opening 250 metres high. After about 3 minutes of ascent the stone block landed on the platform.

Using this method, the monks propelled 5 to 6 blocks per hour on a parabolic flight path approximately 500 metres in length and 250 metres in height. From time to time a stone split, and the monks moved the split stone away. Tibetan experts such as Linaver, Spalding and Huc had mentioned such a levitation technique, but they had never witnessed it first hand. So Dr Jarl was the first foreigner to have observed this remarkable feat. He made two films of the incident. The English Society for which Dr Jarl was working confiscated the two films and declared them classified. They have never been released to the public.

Levitation and psycho kinesis

Levitation is a phenomenon that can be associated with psycho kinesis. Objects and animals are lifted into the air without any visible physical means and float or fly. Levitation has been said to have been observed at spiritualist meetings, and in shamanism, trances, mystical rapture, and demonic possession. Many cases of levitation appear to be spontaneous, but some spiritual or occult adepts are said to be able to control it.

The duration of levitation may last from a few minutes to hours. Generally it requires a great amount of concentration or being in a state of trance. Numerous incidents of levitation have been recorded in Christianity and Islam. Among the first involved Simon Magus in the first century. Other levitators include Roman Catholic saints such as Joseph of Cupertino (1603-1663), the most famous, who is said to have often levitated. Saint Teresa of Avila was another well known saint who reportedly levitated. She told of experiencing it during states of rapture. One eyewitness, Sister Anne of the Incarnation, said that Saint Teresa levitated to a height of about 0.5 metres for about half an hour.

Incidents of levitation have also been reported in the religions of Hinduism and Buddhism. Milarepa, a thirteenth century Tibetan yogi, is said to have possessed many occult powers which included the ability to walk, rest and sleep during levitation. Such feats have also been reported amongst the yogis and fakirs of India. Within Eastern mystical practices levitation is reportedly accomplished through secret breathing and visualization techniques. The techniques involve the harnessing of the universal life force known by various names such as: agasa, prana, ch'i and ki.

Even in modern times levitation is often thought to involve cases of demonic possession. In 1906 Clara Germana Cele, a sixteen year-old school girl from South Africa, was said to be demonic possessed. She levitated up five feet in the air, sometimes vertically and sometimes horizontally. When sprinkled with holy water she came out of these states of possession. In a similar fashion, incidents of poltergeists and haunting often involve the levitation of objects.

Some spiritual mediums claimed to have experienced levitations. The most famous was Daniel Douglas Home, who reportedly levitated over a forty-year period. In 1868 he was witnessed levitating out of a third-story window and floating back into the building through another window. When levitating Home was not always in a trance and was sometimes conscious. The Catholic Church excommunicated Home as a sorcerer. He was never discovered to be a fraud, like other mediums that used wires and other contraptions to levitate objects.

There is a chapter in the Vedas on levitation. Unfortunately, the meaning of many ancient Indic words and concepts has been irretrievably lost over the last few centuries and therefore the invaluable instructions can not be translated into modern languages. As regards the ancient levitators, records state that they were able to rise above the ground up to a height of 90 centimetres. Many scholars engaged in oriental studies also mention the phenomenon of “flying lamas.” Alexandra David-Neel, a British explorer, one day witnessed the flight of a Buddhist monk. The monk flew a few dozen meters over the alpine plateau Cnang Tang. He was bouncing off the ground like a tennis ball.

Not a great deal is known about the physical nature of levitation. Some researchers say that it is associated with the biogravitational field created by a specific type of mental energy emitted by the human brain. The biogravitational field is believed to be deliberately created by a levitator who can control the field and change the direction of a flight.

Controlled scientific experiments involving levitation are rare. During the 1960s and 1970s researchers reported some success in levitating tables under controlled conditions. The Soviet medium Nina Kulagina has been photographed levitating a small object between her hands.

Macro-scale gravity-waves and sound

It is possible that the monks in Tibet used an ancient knowledge developed by a civilization fully conversant with the laws governing the structure of matter, to levitate stone blocks. The sound waves being generated were directed in such a way that an anti-gravitational effect was created at the centre of focus (position of the stones) and around the periphery, or the arc through which the stones moved.

The flying machines that flew through the air with a melodious sound, described in ancient Indian documents, may have used a sonic technology. Indeed, in this modern era there could now be secret experimental flying vehicles testing this technology.